Guest post by Joe Farace
There is much more to black and white photography than simply an absence of color. Maybe I wouldnâ€™t feel this way if the very first photographs had been made in color but that didnâ€™t happen and, like many photographers, I grew up admiring the work of W. Eugene Smith and other black and white photojournalists who photographed people at work, play, or just being themselves. As a creative medium, traditionalists call it â€œmonochromeâ€ while digital imagers may prefer â€œgray scale,â€ but as Billy Joel sand â€œitâ€™s still black and white to me.â€
Black and white is a wonderful media for making portraits because the lack of color immediately simplifies the image, causing you to focus on the real subject of the photograph instead of their clothing or the surroundings. Sometimes the nature of the portrait subject demands that the image be photographed in black and white. Arnold Newmanâ€™s portrait of composer Igor Stravinsky could never have been made in color and have the same impact that is has as a monochrome image.
There are also the trendy aspects associated with creating images in black and white. MTV, motion pictures and fashion magazines periodically â€œrediscoverâ€ black and white as a way to reproduce photographs that are different from whatâ€™s currently being shown. Right now, many professional photographers are telling me that theyâ€™re seeing a higher than normal demand for black and white portraitsâ€” even for weddingsâ€”than previously was the case. Individual and family portrait purchases like these are driven by these same trends.
Most SLRs that offer a monochrome option also usually offer color digital filter effects that mimics the effects created by on-camera filters and while you could use real color filters on your camera to archive the same effects, there are major advantages of using digital filters. While most in-camera metering systems automatically take â€œfilter factorsâ€ into consideration, you still have to look through and compose through a colored filter whose factor might range from three and five. In addition, a purely digital solution is an easier one to live because the exposure for no filter is identical to one with the dark red filter.
Tip: Filter Factor? Any light lost due to absorption depends on the type of filter being used in front of your lens and is expressed as a filter factor and is usually marked on the filter ring. A 2X factor means exposure must be increased by 1 stop, and 3X means one and one-half stops. When using several filters at the same time, filter factors arenâ€™t added but are multiplied. Todayâ€™s camera metering systems automatically takes filter factors into consideration.
Visit Joe Farace at his blog â€œSaving the World, One Pixel at a Time.â€ (www.joefaraceblogs.com)